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Which Type of Test Do You Have Questions About?
Pet Poisoning Tests
Cremated Remains Tests
How It Works
Infidelity Test Questions You May Have
Which Infidelity test do I need?
If you only want to know if male, female, or a mixture of DNA is present on your sample–you want the DNA Detection Test.
If you are still not sure which one of the infidelity tests you need, call us at 719-686-6980 or send us a and we'll assist you in selecting the appropriate test for you needs.
If you think there is a chance you have left your DNA on the sample by handling the area to be tested with your bare hands, we recommend you order the DNA Comparison Test and send a cheek swab from yourself. This will eliminate you as a contributor to any DNA that may be found.
What can I send to be tested for proof of infidelity?
We can test almost anything for signs of infidelity: clothing – sheets – towels – sanitary pads – tampons – tissues – sex toys – condoms. If you have something you want tested with one of our DNA infidelity tests but aren't sure about sending it check out the list below, or call us at 719-686-6980. Have you found a stain on furniture, a car seat, or an item that would be missed? If you have a suspicious stain you would like tested but can't send the item, you can send a swab of the area instead. The instructions are here.
If you want to send an item for Infidelity DNA testing please note:
Items with a 90% or higher success rate of obtaining DNA: Fresh semen on swab or fabric (if no vasectomy), mucus/sputum on tissue, napkin, etc, toothbrush
Items with a 60-90% success rate: blood stain on fabric, tissue, gauze, etc., saliva stain, fingernail clippings (5-10 clippings), diabetic test strips (multiple strips recommended), ear swabs, cigarette butts (multiple preferred), tampon/feminine pad, drinking straw, dental floss
Items with 60% or less success rate: hair (roots must be visible, 7-10 hairs needed), razor, comb/brush, chewing tobacco (less than three days old), jewelry, chewing gum (sugarless preferred), soda can/drinking glass, clothing (hats, bandannas, clothing worn next to skin) envelope flaps/stamps, condom
Will a vasectomy affect the test?
A vasectomy will not affect the ability to perform a semen detection test. Our test looks for a protein that is present whether or not a man has had a vasectomy. It can, however, affect the DNA infidelity tests. DNA is present in highest concentrations in the sperm cells, so an absence of sperm can mean that no DNA will be detected. DNA can also be found in skin, blood, or tissue cells that might be in the semen. So while detecting DNA in semen from a vasectomized male is unlikely, it's not impossible.
Can I do a semen detection, then a DNA infidelity test if the semen test is positive?
Sure. If you want to wait and get the semen detection test results first, then decide if you want or need one of the DNA infidelity tests, that's OK. All the infidelity test samples are kept for 60 days after the results are issued, so you have time to decide if you want further testing, or if you have all the answers you need. If you decide you want one of the DNA infidelity tests after you get your results, you will be given a discount code for $25 off any DNA Detection or DNA Comparison test--just contact us and we'll walk you through the process.
How do I get started?
You can pay for the infidelity testing you need through the website by adding the test to your cart and checking out with your credit card. Once complete, you will receive a confirmation email with your order number. Enter the order number on your Infidelity Sample Submission Form. The charges will appear on your bank statement with our name and phone number. Once we get your sample, we'll send you an email to let you know it's arrived and testing has begun. When your results are ready, we will send them to you in the manner you've indicated on the Infidelity Sample Submission Form.
If you do not want to use a credit card, you can send in a check or money order with your samples when you mail them to us. Make them payable to PLR or Private Lab Results. When we receive your package, you will receive a confirmation email with your order number.
Please review our instructions for marking, packaging, and mailing in your sample.
For all the tests, print the Infidelity Sample Submission Form, fill it out and send it back in your package. We will not begin testing without the signed form.
Mail everything to Private Lab Results, 743 Gold Hill Place S #67, Woodland Park CO 80863.
How old can a sample be?
A woman can discharge fluids from sexual activity for 5-7 days. How long you can detect any semen in the discharge depends on how the item has been stored. For semen detection testing, as long as the item hasn’t been laundered and the stain is still visible it can be testable for years.
DNA can also last for years as long as the item has been kept dry, and stored in a cool, dark place away from heat and direct sunlight. Never store samples for infidelity tests in a plastic bag. Plastic traps heat and moisture which can degrade the DNA making it more difficult to get a complete DNA profile.
Can I get my sample back?
Sure. Just add the sample return to your order at checkout. You only need to add it once no matter how many samples you have. If you want to wait and get your test results first, that's OK. All samples for infidelity tests are kept for 60 days after the results are issued if you don't add the return to your initial order. You can decide you want the sample returned or if you want further DNA or other testing at any time during that period. Just contact us and we'll help you arrange it. All returns are processed on the 1st and 15th of the month.
Can My Results Be Used in Court?
Chain of custody refers to the paperwork trail documenting the way a sample is collected and handled throughout the entire infidelity testing process. Since you will be collecting the samples yourself and submitting them privately, you will not have a strict chain of custody and the test results you receive will be noted as "informational only". Strictly speaking, for results to have a strict chain of custody, the samples must be collected by an unrelated third party such as a hospital, clinic, ME’s office, funeral director, law enforcement, etc. For obvious reasons this rigorous identification and handling procedure is not always going to be possible with infidelity testing. Courts and legal official know this, and the weight an agency will give the results is up to the agency.
Food Test Questions You May Have
What kinds of things can you test food for?
How do I get started?
Get the information about the test you need on our Food Tests page. Add the test to your cart and check out with your credit card.
A link to all of the instructions for marking, packaging, and mailing in your sample can be found on the test description page for your specific test. They can also be found here.
For all the tests, print the Sample Submission Form. Fill it out and send it back in your package. We will not begin testing without the form.
Once we get your sample, we’ll send you an email to let you know it’s arrived and testing has begun. When your results are ready, we will send them to you in the manner you’ve indicated on the Sample Submission Form.
These tests are all performed by trained technicians in a certified lab. None of these are home test kits--we do not send anything to your home.
How do I ship a sample for food testing?
For the metals or saliva food tests, refrigeration of the sample is not necessary, however we do recommend you ship foods that would be refrigerated for next day delivery. Food that has begun to mold cannot be tested for saliva or metals. All bacteria food testing requires that you ship your sample overnight, with cold packs, and in a cooler.
Here’s a link to complete instructions for packaging and shipping your sample.
Print, fill out, and return the Sample Submission Form with your sample(s). This form must be signed and returned before any testing can begin. We will not begin testing without a signed form.
Can My Results Be Used in Court?
Chain of custody refers to the paperwork trail documenting the way a sample is collected and handled throughout the entire testing process. Since you will be collecting the samples yourself and submitting them privately, you will not have a strict chain of custody. Generally speaking, for results to have a strict chain of custody, the samples must be collected by an unrelated third party such as a hospital, clinic, ME’s office, funeral director, law enforcement, etc. For obvious reasons this rigorous identification and handling procedure is not always going to be possible. Courts and legal official know this, and the weight the results will be given is up to the agency. We always recommend you reserve some of your sample in case further testing needs to be done by a law enforcement or other legal agency.
Please note: The laboratory that provides bacteria and allergen testing does not provide legal support. The testing is for informational purposes only.
Hair Test Questions You May Have
Which hair test do I need?
We can test for potentially dangerous heavy metals. If you aren't sure which test you need email or call us and we'll guide you to the right test for you. Need tested for something you don't see? Call us!
How do I get started?
You can order the test you need through the website by clicking on the Order Now button for the test you want. Add the test to your cart and check out with your credit card. The charges will appear on your bank statement with our name and phone number.
With all the human hair tests we will send you a sample collection kit. It will come with complete instructions for collecting your hair sample. We do not send collection kits for pet hair.
You will also receive a Sample Submission Form in your kit. Fill out the form completely and return it with your sample. We will not begin testing without the form.
Collection kits are not sent to addresses outside the US. We will email you complete instructions for collecting your sample and sending it to us.
Once we get your sample, we'll send you an email to let you know it's arrived and testing has begun. When your results are ready, we will send them to you in the manner you've indicated on the Sample Submission Form.
What if my hair has been colored, bleached or permed?
Chemical treatments to the hair may affect some of the metals testing as some hair colors contain metals.
All the hair is cleaned before testing is done to remove any external chemicals or contaminants.
How long should I wait to test my hair?
It takes 2-3 weeks for substances to move into the hair, then for the hair to grow out enough to be able to cut for testing. For testing we ask that you wait at least three to four weeks before sampling the hair.
Hair grows about 1/2" per month, so hair that is long enough can be cut to test a specific point in time.
Body hair will hold evidence of exposure for approximately the last 6 months of time.
Can My Results Be Used in Court?
Chain of custody refers to the paperwork trail documenting the way a sample is collected and handled throughout the entire testing process. Since you will be collecting the samples yourself and submitting them privately, you will not have a strict chain of custody. Because of this, your results will be labeled "for clinical use only, not for forensic purposes". Generally speaking, for results to have a strict chain of custody, the samples must be collected by an unrelated third party such as a hospital, clinic, ME’s office, funeral director, law enforcement, etc. For obvious reasons this rigorous identification and handling procedure is not always going to be possible. Courts and legal official know this, and the weight the results will be given is up to the agency.
Pet Poisoning Test Questions You May Have
Which test do I need?
We can test your pet’s food or treats for bacteria or toxic heavy metals. If you aren’t sure which test you need email or call us and we’ll guide you to the right test for you.
How do I get started?
Select the test you need from the Pet Testing page. You can purchase the test you need through the website by clicking on the Order Now button for the test you want. Add the test to your cart and check out with your credit card. The charges will appear on your bank statement with our name and phone number. You can also send in a check or money order with your samples when you mail them to us.
Put wet food samples in a leak proof container. Dry food and treats can be placed in a plastic zip lock bag. Samples shipped for bacteria testing should be packed in a cooler with a cold packs and shipped overnight. You can find all the packaging and shipping instructions here.
Print and fill out the Sample Submission form from the test description page for your test. We will not begin testing without a signed form.
Cremated Remains Test Questions You May Have
What are cremains / cremated remains?
Cremains are the remains of a body that has been cremated. Technically, the remains are not ashes, they are bone. Once a body is cremated the bones are crushed to a fine, sand like powder. Depending on the equipment used, the remains may be fine like sand, or coarse with visible bone fragments. Remains have also included surgical implants, wires, pins, and dental prosthetics. Metal fragments from clothing worn during cremation may also be found.
How do I order?
Contact Us or call 719-686-6980. We’ll send you an invoice you can pay online. Once we receive payment notification, we’ll send you an email with shipping instructions along with chain of custody and return forms. You will ship the remains directly to the testing lab. Testing takes about 10 business days.
How long does testing take?
Results are normally ready in 10 business days. A report of the findings is emailed or mailed to you.
How much should cremated remains weigh?
Generally, the weight of the remains depends on the height and sex of the person. How much a person weighed when they passed doesn’t have much bearing on the amount of remains you should expect to receive. A person’s height and bone density will determine the weight of the remains. A female’s remains are usually between 3-5 pounds and a male is usually between 5-7 pounds.
Do you need all the remains?
DNA testing requires that bone fragments or teeth be in the remains. It's best to send them all so the best ones can be selected for testing. Everything is returned to you after testing is complete. For the heavy metal tests we only need 15g or about 1 tablespoon. If any of the remains are left after testing they will be returned to you.
How do I ship the remains?
Once we receive payment notification we'll send you shipping information. The USPS is the only carrier who will knowingly carry human remains. Here's a link to their packaging and shipping instructions. You will ship the remains directly to the testing facility.
What can you test for?
We can test cremated remains for heavy metals or to see if any DNA remains. Drugs or prescription medications do not survive the cremation process.
Can you test for poisons?
Only if they are heavy metal based like arsenic, mercury, lead, etc. Prescription medications or drugs do not survive cremation.
Can I use DNA results for ancestry or family history?
No. If DNA is found in the cremains, the information is not the type needed for family history or genetic testing.
Who should test for metals?
Did your loved one work in the manufacturing, airline, plating, or metal or chemical production industry? Were they farmers? Unfortunately, jobs in these industries can expose a person to excessive amounts of toxic heavy metals. Was the deceased in the military, married to military, or a civilian that worked on a military base? If so, they may have been around dangerous levels of metals. Did they have metal implants, like a hip or knee replacement? Studies show that these devices can cause toxic poisoning. Do you have reason to believe that the person was deliberately poisoned? Drugs or medications do not survive the cremation process, but if they were given arsenic, mercury, or another heavy metal based poison, we can test for evidence.
Can you test for a single metal?
Absolutely. Just give us a call to see if it's a substance we can test for. Testing for a single metal is $250.
What are signs of arsenic poisoning?
Arsenic poisoning occurs after the ingestion or inhalation of arsenic. Arsenic is a type of carcinogen that’s gray, silver, or white in color. Arsenic is extremely poisonous to humans. What makes arsenic especially dangerous is that it doesn’t have a taste or odor, so you can be exposed to it without knowing it. While arsenic is naturally occurring, it also comes in inorganic (or “man-made”) formulas. These are used in agriculture, mining, and manufacturing.
Contaminated groundwater is the most common cause of arsenic poisoning. Arsenic is already present in the earth and can seep into groundwater. Also, groundwater can contain runoff from industrial plants. Drinking arsenic-laden water over a long period of time can lead to poisoning. Other possible causes of arsenic poisoning can include breathing air that contains arsenic, breathing contaminated air from plants or mines that use arsenic, living near industrialized areas, being exposed to landfill or waste sites,breathing in smoke or dust from wood or waste that was previously treated with arsenic, and eating arsenic-contaminated food.
Since arsenic is rapidly cleared from the blood, blood arsenic levels may not be very useful in diagnosis. If acute arsenic poisoning is suspected an x- ray may reveal the substance in the abdomen. Arsenic may also be detected in the hair, bones, and nails for months following ingestion. Within twenty four hours of ingestion arsenic moves from the blood directly into the victim’s kidneys, liver, lungs, spleen & the gastrointestinal tract. In 2 to 4 weeks traces can be found in the victim’s skin, nails, and hair. From there, traces of the poison settle in the bones. Within 35 minutes after ingesting arsenic the victim will experience garlic smelling breath, muscle cramping, metallic taste, headaches, vomiting, vertigo, diarrhea and abdominal pain. If the victim doesn’t die within the first few hours from shock, the poisoned victim will most likely die several days later from kidney failure. If the victim survives 2 to 4 weeks they will experience horrible suffering and will start losing their hair. When death finally comes it will most likely be diagnosed as renal failure.
What are signs of cadmium poisoning?
Cadmium is a highly toxic metal found in industrial workplaces. Due to its low exposure limit, over exposures may occur even in situations where very small quantities of cadmium are found. Cadmium is used extensively in electroplating, although the nature of the operation does not always lead to overexposure. Cadmium is also found in industrial paints and can present a hazard when sprayed. Operations involving removal of cadmium paints by blasting or scraping can pose a significant hazard. Cadmium is also present in the production of batteries. Exposure to cadmium can be found in the following industries: construction industry, shipyard employment, and the agricultural industry. Acute inhalation exposure (high levels over a short period of time) to cadmium can result in flu-like symptoms (chills, fever, and muscle pain) and can damage the lungs. Symptoms of inflammation may start hours after the exposure and include cough, dryness and irritation of the nose and throat, headache, dizziness, weakness, fever, chills, and chest pain. Inhaling cadmium-laden dust quickly leads to respiratory tract and kidney problems which can be fatal (often from renal failure). Chronic exposure (low level over an extended period of time) can result in kidney, bone and lung disease.
What are signs of chromium poisoning?
Chromium compounds are added to steel to increase corrosion resistance, hardenability, and are used in paints and dyes and the tanning of leather. Chromium compounds are often found in groundwater and soil at abandoned industrial complexes that are now in need of environmental cleanup. Chromium has also been used to produce paint primer and is still widely used for automobile refinishing applications. Chromium is known to cause cancer and targets the kidneys, skin, eyes, and especially the respiratory system.
What are signs of lead poisoning?
Lead poisoning occurs when lead builds up in the body, often over a period of months or years. Even modest amounts of lead can cause severe health problems. Children less than the age of 6 are more vulnerable to lead poisoning, which can profoundly affect physical and mental development. At higher levels, lead poisoning often causes death. Lead contaminated dust and lead-based paint in homes or buildings built before 1978 are the most common source of poisoning in children. According to the CDC, 24 million homes in the US still contain lead paint. Lead piping and plumbing are also a significant source of lead contamination. Individuals who work in auto repair shops, do home renovations, make ammunition, or work with batteries may also be exposed to lead. Initially, lead poisoning can be hard to detect — even people who seem healthy can have high blood levels of lead. Signs and symptoms usually don't appear until dangerous amounts have accumulated. Although children are primarily at risk, lead poisoning is also dangerous for adults. Signs and symptoms in adults might include high blood pressure, joint and muscle pain, difficulties with memory or concentration, headache, abdominal pain, mood disorders, reduced sperm count and abnormal sperm, and miscarriage, stillbirth or premature birth in pregnant women.
What are signs of mercury poisoning?
Symptoms of mercury poisoning can be numerous and may occur either rapidly or over long periods of time. In general, symptoms occur and progress more rapidly the higher the dose of mercury encountered. Exposure to the various forms of mercury can result in some similar and some different symptoms. Symptoms can be grouped into three categories based on the form of mercury toxicity: 1) elemental and vaporized mercury, 2) organic mercury, and 3) inorganic mercury. Elemental mercury toxicity (which usually occurs in the vaporized form) can cause mood swings, nervousness, irritability, and other emotional changes, headache, muscle twitching and tremors. Organic mercury toxicity (most frequently in the methylmercury form from ingestion), causes neurological malfunctions, and especially in a fetus, impaired neurological development. Other symptoms include vision impairment, loss of coordination, needle-like sensations in hands, feet, and/or mouth, muscle weakness and impairments of speech and hearing. Inorganic mercury toxicity often causes skin rashes and inflammation (dermatitis). If ingested, it can dissolve tissues and some may be absorbed by the intestinal tissue. Large amounts of ingested inorganic mercury may cause bloody diarrhea. Absorbed mercury can spread to other organ systems resulting in mental changes including mood swings and memory loss or renal damage. Muscle weakness may also occur.
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